Traffic calming is the use of physical measures to control vehicle speed. It aims to maintain safe environments for both drivers and pedestrians. Having the correct traffic calming measure in place slows vehicles and reduces the risk of accidents.
What is a traffic calming measure?
A traffic calming measure is a bump, hump or island that is used to slow vehicles down to a reasonable speed. A speed bump causes a sharp bump when driven over and dramatically slows vehicles down upon approach.
A speed hump, cushion or table is a less severe bump, ideal for urban areas as they don't interrupt the traffic flow.
Traffic islands narrow the road to slow vehicles down and offer a safe area for pedestrians to wait if crossing the road.
Where are traffic calming measures needed?
Traffic calming measures are needed where there is an immediate danger to pedestrians or other road users. The measures aim to reduce speed on the approach to built up or urban areas. They are usually installed in towns and cities, reducing the speed of vehicles with high volumes of pedestrians in the area.
What traffic calming measure to use?
An assessment of the area should be undertaken to determine what measures should be used. Multiple traffic calming solutions can be used together to give a holistic approach.